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Modal Verbs : Would

Grammer Forumunda Modal Verbs : Would Konusunu İncelemektesiniz

Would is an auxiliary verb, a modal auxiliary verb. We use would mainly to: * ...


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    Modal Verbs : Would

    Would is an auxiliary verb, a modal auxiliary verb. We use would mainly to:

    * talk about the past
    * talk about the future in the past
    * express the conditional mood

    We also use would for other functions, such as:

    * expressing desire, polite requests and questions, opinion or hope, wish and regret...

    Structure of Would

    subject + would + main verb

    The main verb is always the bare infinitive (infinitive without "to").



    Notice that:

    * Would is never conjugated. It is always would or 'd (short form).
    * The main verb is always the bare infinitive.

    NOTE:





    Use of Would

    would: Talking about the past

    We often use would as a kind of past tense of will or going to:

    * Even as a boy, he knew that he would succeed in life.
    * I thought it would rain so I brought my umbrella.

    Using would as as a kind of past tense of will or going to is common in reported speech:

    * She said that she would buy some eggs. ("I will buy some eggs.")
    * The candidate said that he wouldn't increase taxes. ("I won't increase taxes.")
    * Why didn't you bring your umbrella? I told you it would rain! ("It's going to rain.")

    We often use would not to talk about past refusals:

    * He wanted a divorce but his wife would not agree.
    * Yesterday morning, the car wouldn't start.

    We sometimes use would (rather like used to) when talking about habitual past behaviour:

    * Every weekday my father would come home from work at 6pm and watch TV.
    * Every summer we'd go to the seaside.
    * Sometimes she'd phone me in the middle of the night.
    * We would always argue. We could never agree.

    would: Future in past

    When talking about the past we can use would to express something that has not happened at the time we are talking about:

    * In London she met the man that she would one day marry.
    * He left 5 minutes late, unaware that the delay would save his life.

    would: Conditionals

    We often use would to express the so-called second and third conditionals:

    * If he lost his job he would have no money.
    * IfI had won the lotteryI would have bought a car.

    Using the same conditional structure, we often use would when giving advice:

    * I wouldn't eat that if I were you.
    * If I were in your place I'd refuse.
    * If you asked me I would say you should go.

    Sometimes the condition is "understood" and there does not have to be an "if" clause:

    * Someone who liked John would probably love John's father. (If someone liked John they would probably love John's father.)
    * You'd never know it. (for example: If you met him you would never know that he was rich.)
    * Why don't you invite Mary? I'm sure she'd come.

    NOTE:



    would: Desire or inclination

    * I'd love to live here.
    * Would you like some coffee?
    * What I'd really like is some tea.

    would: Polite requests and questions

    * Would you open the door, please? (more polite than: Open the door, please.)
    * Would you go with me? (more polite than: Will you go with me?)
    * Would you know the answer? (more polite than: Do you know the answer?)
    * What would the capital of Nigeria be? (more polite than: What is the capital of Nigeria?)

    would: Opinion or hope

    * I would imagine that they'll buy a new one.
    * I suppose some people would call it torture.
    * I would have to agree.
    * I would expect him to come.
    * Since you ask me I'd say the blue one is best.

    would: Wish

    * I wish you would stay. (I really want you to stay. I hope you will stay.)
    * They don't like me. I'm sure they wish I'd resign.



    would: Presumption or expectation

    * That would be Jo calling. I'll answer it.
    * We saw a police helicopter overhead yesterday morning. | Really? They would have been looking for those bank robbers.

    would: Uncertainty

    * He would seem to be getting better. (less certain than: He seems to be getting better.)
    * It would appear that I was wrong. (less certain than: It appears that I was wrong.)

    would: Derogatory

    * They would say that, wouldn't they?
    * John said he didn't steal the money. | Well, he would, wouldn't he?

    would that: Regret (poetic/rare) - with clause

    This rare, poetic or literary use of would does not have the normal structure:

    * Would that it were true! (If only it were true! We wish that it were true!)
    * Would that his mother had lived to see him become president.
    Son düzenleyen Fırat, 02-03-2011 saat 00:29.
    My wound neither bleeds, nor heals..The gone forgets, the one behind always hurts...I can't escape, your smell is everywhere..

    Rafet El Roman - Senden Sonra





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